Judging from my mailbox, dressage riders seemed perplexed about how competition judges are currently evaluating some horses’ piaffes at the international level. What is high quality and what is faulty? In this article, I will address two major faults in piaffes of popular riders that have appeared in recent performances, and seem to be confusing viewers.

I think many people make a big mistake when they initially seek instruction in any field. Whether the person is an adult looking for help for themselves or a parent looking for lesson for a child, the logic usually goes something like this: I'm just testing the waters to see if I really like music lessons.